Instruments and Decisions


According to the regulation “On macroprudential capital buffers” approved with the decision no.41, date 05.06.2019 of the Supervisory Council of the Bank of Albania  (herein, ‘ regulation 41/2019’), the Bank of Albania (BoA) determines and announces the macroprudential capital buffer (SHMAK). Those are: capital conservation buffer (KONS), article 10; countercyclical capital buffer (KUNC), articles 11 to 13; capital buffers for systemic banks (SIST) applied to systemic banks (BARS), article 14; and the systemic risk buffer (STRUK), article 15. According to article 6, the macroprudential capital buffer is raised in instruments of core equity tier one capital, it is expressed in percent of risk weighted exposures of the bank, and the aggregated value of the macroprudential capital buffers represent the combined buffer requirement (SHKOMAK).

For KONS, regulation 41/2019 stipulates in article 10, paragraph (1), table 2, the value that should be met from each of the banks on March 29, 2020 (and kept until end of 2020) which is 0.5%.

For KUNC, regulation 41/2019 stipulates in its article 12, paragraph (3), that BoA announces the applied rate (AKUNC) for Albania for the first time within June 2019, and subsequently does it every three months. According to paragraph (4) of the same article, the date of application is not sooner than March 29, 2020. For banks that have relevant credit exposures (EPSHK) in foreign jurisdictions, the determination of AKUNC for each such jurisdictions is done according to article 13. When there is not a different determination by BoA, the application date for KUNC in the foreign jurisdiction will be that which is determined by the responsible authority of that jurisdiction, but not earlier than March 29, 2020. The KUNC that is specific for a bank (SPEKUNC), will be capped by the values shown in article 11, paragraph (7), table 3. For calculating SPEKUNC, the KUNC rates applied in countries of European Union and of European Economic Area, can be found in the internet site of ESRB; while the rates applied for relevant credit exposures in countries not listed in the ESRB website, can be found in the BIS website.

For BARS and SIST, the regulation stipulates in its article 14, paragraph (6), that BARS will be determined for the first time within June 2019, and, subject to its systemic importance mark, the values of SIST will be in accordance to the table in paragraph (7), or 0.5% for the period March 29, 2020 until end of 2020. According to paragraph (9), BoA will announce the list of BARS and respective SIST values.

For STRUK, the regulation stipulates in article 15, paragraph (7), that BoA will determine STRUK for the first time after June 2019, without fixing a specific deadline.

In line with article 16 of the regulation 41/2019, the determination of the macroprudential capital buffer, is done through a decision of the Governor of the Bank of Albania. According to article 17, in order to announce the macroprudential capital buffers, the said decision of the Governor of BoA, is published in BoA web site and is officially notified to banks in writing.

The decision of the Bank of Albania

Accordingly, the Governor of BoA has reached the decision no.4913, date 30 September 2019 “For determining the countercyclical capital buffer”. In this decision is determined the KUNC rate for Albania at the level of 0 percent and the reporting date starting from 30 September 2020.

Other macroprudential capital buffers, for the purpose of fulfilling and reporting the combined buffer requirement (SHKOMAK) on 30 September 2020, remain those determined in the Decision no.3368/28.06.2019.

Values of macroprudential capital buffers that should be met by banks

According to the regulation 41/2019 and the decisions of the Governor no. 3368, date 28 June 2019 and no.4913, date 30.09.2019, the combined buffer requirement (SHKOMAK) that should be met by banks on 30 September 2020, is as follows:



SIST According to the decision of the Governor no 3368, date 28.06.2019, capped at 0.5% for 2020 Not applicable
KONS 0.5% 0.5%
SPEKUNC Based on Decision 4913, date 30.09.2019 and according to banks’ calculations, but capped at 0.625% for 2020 Based on Decision 4913, date 30.09.2019 and according to banks’ calculations, but capped at 0.625% for 2020
SHKOMAK 0.5% + 0.5% + SPEKUNC 0.5% + 0.5% + SPEKUNC
Date of fulfillment/reporting: 30 September 2020  

According to regulation 41/2019, if the combined buffer requirement value is not met, then the bank is subject to limits on payment distributions as stipulated in article 8, and other measures as stipulated in article 9.